Tagged: WDS

MCTS 70-646 Plan for automated server deployment

Plan for automated server deployment

Deployment methods

  • Install From Media (IFM)
  • Automated / Unattended using xml based answer files
  • network install using winpe; this can be automated too
  • WDS
    • Zero or lite touch (requires scripting skills)
    • uses boot.wim and install.wim of Vista, Windows 7, Server 2008 and 2008 R2
    • Automated installs using xml based answer files
  • System Center Configuration Manager
    • Zero touch
    • Can perform upgrades too

XML answer files can be created using the System Image Manager (SIM) from the Windows Automated Installation Kit (WAIK). When pointing SIM at a wim file use the wim file off the DVD not the wim within WDS.

WDS deployment

  • Requirements
    • NTFS volumes
    • DHCP (if on same server WDS should be configured not to listen on UDP 67)
    • DNS
    • AD DS
    • client should have PXEclient option deployed via DHCP
  • PXE boot
    • respond to all
    • respond to none
    • respond to known i.e. prestaged within AD DS
  • Multicast support
    • multicast can be configured via the GUI or WDSUtil
    • Scheduled or auto-cast; auto-cast starts when the first client requests an image, other clients can join at any point in the image deployment.
    • multicast requires clients have disk space available to receive wim image (unicast deployment streams the image file)
  • Images
    • Imagex and peimg are used to customise images e.g. add drivers
    • WIM files use single instance technology to reduce the amount of space required to store Windows Server images.
    • Hardware independent
    • non-destructive deployment
  • Image types
    • Install
    • boot
    • discover (for non-PXE network adapters)
    • capture (capture syspreped images)